caramelized black pepper halibutThere is tension and excitement in the air.  Endings and beginnings are all colliding and I think that’s why I frequently have butterflies in my stomach these days.  My middle son just graduated from high school.  He’s about to start his summer job and then is off to college in New Orleans. My oldest son just started an internship in LA.  My husband started a new job last week. My youngest son is studying for finals and leaves for sleep away camp in a week. There’s a bag of “Goldfinger” labels waiting to be ironed onto every item my son will be taking to camp; there are forms to be filled out and there are flights to be arranged, but for the past few days I’ve given myself a reprieve to experiment with caramelized black-pepper fish from Vietnam. 

Raw halibutI tried the recipe with two kinds of fish: Halibut and Swordfish.  Both were equally delicious in their own special way.  If you like your fish tender and falling apart, go with the halibut.  The swordfish is just as tender and holds its shape really well.

sliced swordfish steaksThere aren’t a lot of ingredients in this – the flavor comes from caramelized sugar, savory fish sauce, sautéed shallots, and lots of black pepper.

how to chop shallots If you’ve ever made caramel sauce you know that it’s about almost burning sugar. What results is something deeper and richer. In Vietnamese cooking caramel sauce, or nouc mao, is commonly used to simmer savory foods such as meat, chicken and fish.

sugar and fish sauceIn this recipe, the sugar is cooked with fish sauce – a staple in Vietnamese cuisine.  Surprisingly, fish sauce isn’t fishy tasting. The fermentation process that’s used to make the fish sauce, or nam pla, gives it a deep complex umami mix of sweet, salty, sour, and even a bit nutty.

sugar caramelizingOnce the sugar starts to caramelize, the fish is added, along with lots of black pepper and shallots.

halibut in caramelized sugarThe intense flavors in this dish call out for simple sides, such as steamed white rice and a green vegetable.

caramelized black-pepper swordfishI love the intense mix of caramel and black pepper that dominates this dish, combined with the saltiness of the fish sauce and the shallots.  I’m off to iron labels now.  Happy cooking.

Recipe type: Main Course
Cuisine: Vietnamese
Prep time:
Cook time:
Total time:
Serves: 4-5
Tender fish cooked in a peppery caramel sauce.
  • ¾ cup chopped shallots
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • ¼ cup sugar
  • ¼ cup Asian fish sauce, also called nam pla
  • ¼ cup water
  • 1½ teaspoons fresh ground black pepper
  • 2 pounds halibut fillet, or substitute mackerel or swordfish, skin removed, cut into 6-8 pieces
  • Garnish
  • 4 scallions, thinly sliced
  • ½ bunch cilantro, chopped
  1. Heat oil (in a skillet large enough to hold the fish) over medium heat. Add the shallots and cook for 10 minutes, stirring occasionally, until they soften (lower the heat if they start to brown) Transfer them to a small bowl and set aside.
  2. Add sugar, fish sauce, and water to the skillet. Over medium heat, cook the mixture for about 5 minutes, until it starts to turn brown and there are large bubbles throughout. Sprinkle in the pepper and the cooked shallots and cook for a minute more. Add the fish and cook, turning gently with a spatula every three minutes or so, until it is coated evenly with thickened caramel sauce, and just cooked through, 8-10 minutes. (you can add a few tablespoons of water, 1 tablespoon at a time, if the pan seems too dry)
  3. Sprinkle with scallions and cilantro. Serve with steamed rice and a simple green vegetable.



  1. Stefani says

    This one looks fantastic! Big fan of Vietnamese Food and this recipe looks simple enough to make with tasty results to look forward to!

    Hope the husband’s new job is going well. Maybe your oldest in LA could meet my daughter in San Diego. Tulane a second time around? Thank god for camp! :)

  2. Rob Wilstein says

    Lisa, I made the caramelized fish tonight for some company. A big hit, very tasty and very easy. Keep ’em coming. Rob

  3. M-E says

    Made this for guests from out of town – fabulous! So simple yet packed with great flavor. Our exchange student from Vietnam also loved it!


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